The Hummingbird Identification Database


*Required Fields

This hummingbird identification application uses a minimum three anatomical colour points, the throat, chest, back and optionally the tail, to assist the birdwatcher in identifying an observed species of hummingbird in the wild. The points have the advantage of being easily observable when the hummingbird is flying or perched. Visit the Hummingbird Webpage for the means of identifying hummingbirds amongst bird species. Note, the hummingbird colours in the wild may appear dim or dark depending on the light conditions and angle of view. For instance, a dark blue tail may appear black or a normally colourful gorget dark or black. So, now and then some persevering observation may be necessary.

Enter or choose the anatomy point colours in the query form above. The colour swatches in the carousel, also above, can be used as aids to deciding. Hint, begin by entering the base colours, e.g., red, brown, black or green, and choose from the suggested derivative forms, if any. After typing the third letter in a form field a lookup table is provided to assist in completing the entry. Click on one of the suggested colours or type one of the suggestions in the field to complete the query field. For instance, the male White-chested Emerald has a white throat, white chest, bright golden green back and reddish copper tail. In the query form fields enter white, white, green (bright golden green) and optionally red (reddish copper) for the throat, chest, back and tail respectively for a query. Note: If no entry is to be made to the optional field, i.e., the tail, delete any previous entry.

The database query responds with a list of qualifying species with their common name, scientific name, "Details Page" link and a small image, if available. The query distinguishes male, female and immature of the species where there is a difference. In the case there is no match the query response is "no hummingbird matches the colour selection". If no match is made when querying including the optional field entry, i.e., the tail, try querying using the required fields only, i.e., throat, chest and back, before concluding definitively that there is no matching entry. The "Details Page" gives a comprehensive description of the species including general description, habitat, behaviour, territories, clade description, audio, image or video, where available.

Presently the database is limited to the hummingbirds of Trinidad and Tobago, 21 of 22 species, and that are also present in South America (the Guianas, Venezuela and Colombia), Central America and the Caribbean Archipelago (Lesser Antilles, Netherlands Antilles and Puerto Rico). However there is an ongoing project to include all the hummingbirds in the database from the political territories of the Caribbean, i.e., northern South America, Central America, North America and the islands of the Caribbean Archipelago.

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