Caribbean-Hummingbirds Spreadsheet

  Caribbean-Hummingbirds Spreadsheet
Caribbean-Hummingbirds Analysis


  1. This inquiry is based on composite bird sources including the Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, entries from Ffrenchˈs Birds of Trinidad and Tobago, records from the IUCN Red List, Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, National Audubon Society, Birdlife International,,, Neotropical Birds Online, and the authorˈs notes.
  2. The American Ornithology Union's recognition, in the Fall of 2014, of the Iguana Woodstar as a separate species from the Bahama Woodstar increases the Caribbean species count from 37 to 38, whilst, the discovery of the Amethyst Woodstar in Trinidad in the summer months of 2015 increased the number to 39.
  3. The subspecies the red-billed streamertail (Trochilus polytmus) and the black-billed streamertail (Trochilus scitulus), of Jamaica, are treated as one in this enquiry.
  4. Conservation status—as reported by the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • NE—not evaluated,
    • LC—least concern,
    • NT—near threatened,
    • VU—vulnerable,
    • EN—endangered,
    • CR—critically endangered,
    • EW—extinct in the wild, and
    • EX—extinct.
  5. The rough, overall length of a bird is measured, typically from dead specimens, by placing the bird on its back, lightly leveling out the head and neck, and, measuring the distance between the tip of its beak and the tip of its tail.
  6. In this report small hummingbirds are less than 9cm (3.5in), medium-sized hummingbirds are 9 to 12cm (3.5 to 4.72in), and large birds are in excess of 12cm (4.72in) up to 15cm (5.9in).
  7. The West Indies includes the Greater and Lesser Antilles, Lucayan (Bahama) Archipelago, and the Leeward Antilles (Aruba, Curacao, and Bonaire).
  8. The Lucayan Archipelago, or Bahama Archipelago, comprises the Bahamas, and, the Turks and Caicos Islands.
  9. The Greater Antilles includes Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Cayman Islands, and Puerto Rico.
  10. The island of Hispaniola comprises Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
  11. The Lesser Antilles comprises the Leeward and the Windward Islands, and the Leeward Antilles.
  12. The Leeward Antilles are Aruba, Curacao, and Bonaire.
  13. The Netherland Antilles are Aruba, Bonaire, Curacao, St. Maarten, Saba, and St. Eustatius.
  14. The Windward Islands are the first Caribbean islands, before Guadeloupe, encountered when sailing with the prevailing trade winds from the eastern Atlantic: Dominica, Martinique, St. Lucia, Barbados, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Grenada, Trinidad, and Tobago—this inquiry excludes the islands of Trinidad and Tobago from the Windward Islands and treats them separately.
  15. The Leeward Islands are the northern islands of the Caribbeanˈs Lesser Antilles that are on the lee side with respect to the prevailing trade winds from the eastern Atlantic: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, the Virgin Islands, St. Maarten, Saba, and St. Eustatius.
  16. The Guianas are Guyana, Surinam, and French Guiana—not in this study.
  17. The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago is comprised of the islands of Trinidad and Tobago, and customarily a part of the Windward Islands but treated separately in this inquiry.
  18. Habitat abbreviations
    1. BBT—bamboo thicket;
    2. CLT—cultivation;
    3. DDF—deciduous forest;
    4. FTH—foothills;
    5. FRT—forest (inclusive of montane forests, subtropical or tropical, dry forests, subtropical or tropical, moist, lowland forests, and coastal forests);
    6. FTB—forest boundary/edges;
    7. FTU—forest undergrowth/shrubbery;
    8. GFT—gallery forest;
    9. GDN—garden;
    10. GLD—glade;
    11. GRL—grassland (In some Caribbean colloquialism it may mean a small patch of grass);
    12. GRV—groves;
    13. HGL—highlands/mountains: middle to high elevations;
    14. LWL—lowlands;
    15. MGR—mangrove;
    16. PAS—pasture;
    17. PRK—park;
    18. PLT—plantation;
    19. RVA—riverine Area;
    20. RDS—roadside;
    21. SVN—savannah (In the Caribbean grassland and savannah have the same meaning, any distinction is nominal, except where grassland refers to a small patch of grass);
    22. SRB—scrubland;
    23. SDF—secondary Forest;
    24. SWP—swamp;
    25. WTL—wetlands; and
    26. WDL—woodlands.


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